Learn what is a **chord of a circle** and how to represent it. First, we will start learning about circle definition. After that, we will learn the definition of the chord of a circle and its properties.

How to define a circle? We can give the definition as “locus of all those points which are at a fixed or constant distance from a fixed point is called as circle”. We call fixed distance as radius and fixed point as a **centre of circle**.

**The Definition of the chord of a circle:**

The **Chord of a circle** is defined as “the line segment joining any two points on the circumference of a circle”.

In the above diagram, we have represented three chords i.e. AD, BE and CF.

**Note:**

The *chord of a circle* which is passing through the centre of a circle is called diameter of a circle and it is the longest chord of the circle.

**Important properties of the chord of a circle:**

→The chords which are closer to the centre of a circle will be greater in length.

In the above circle, we have three chords i.e. PQ, AB and CD. Out of these chords closer to the centre is PQ so we say it is the greatest chord when compare to AB and CD chords.

→The chords which are in equal distances from the centre are equal in length.

We can observe clearly that the Chords CD and PQ are at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of the circle. As both of the chords are at equal distances from the centre. So these two chords will be equal in length.

Chord CD = Chord PQ

→The chord which is passing through the centre of a circle divides the circle into two equal halves. Each of these two equal halves is called as a semi circle.

→The Perpendicular which is drawn from the centre of circle will bisects the chord i.e. perpendicular divides chord into two equal parts.

Hope the above **chord properties** are clear to you.

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